By Dara Z. Strolovitch
The usa boasts rankings of firms that provide an important illustration for teams which are marginalized in nationwide politics, from girls to racial minorities to the negative. the following, within the first systematic examine of those firms, Dara Z. Strolovitch explores the demanding situations and possibilities they face within the new millennium, as waning felony discrimination coincides with expanding political and financial inequalities within the populations they characterize. Drawing on wealthy new information from a survey of 286 organisations and interviews with 40 officers, Strolovitch unearths thatВ groups too frequently prioritize the pursuits in their such a lot advantaged contributors: male instead of woman racial minorities, for instance, or prosperous instead of bad ladies. yet Strolovitch additionally unearths that many firms attempt to treatment this inequity, and he or she concludes via distilling their top practices right into a set of ideas that she calls affirmative advocacyвЂ”a type of illustration that goals to beat the entrenched yet frequently sophisticated biases opposed to humans on the intersection of a couple of marginalized staff. Intelligently combining political thought with subtle empirical tools, Affirmative Advocacy could be required analyzing for college kids and students of yankee politics.
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Additional resources for Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics
Chapter 6 explores coalitions among organizations, asking whether such alliances are an alternative vehicle for activity on issues affecting disadvantaged subgroups. Chapter 7 concludes the book with a discussion of the “best practices” associated with high levels of activity on behalf disadvantaged subgroups and uses these practices to make the case for the principle of afﬁrmative advocacy. two Closer to a Pluralist Heaven? Nothing less than the meaning of political representation for marginalized groups is at stake in the questions about the priorities and activities of advocacy organizations that motivate this book.
1 Through the process that Schattschneider termed the “mobilization of bias,” the concerns of weak groups were “organized out” of politics by elites who manipulated the agenda toward their own interests. As a consequence, he asserted, the interests of weak groups were not merely opposed but were actually excluded from the political agenda. ” He estimated that approximately 90 percent of the population could not access what he called “the pressure system,” the informal but extensive system of organizations mobilized to inﬂuence national politics (Schattschneider  1975, 35; see also Michels 1911; Mills 1956; Lindblom 1963; Lowi 1969).
Capture | Finally, taken as a whole, the strategic arguments described in this section suggest that attention to issues affecting disadvantaged subgroups is rendered unlikely because there is little competition for the support and membership of the members of these subgroups. They are thus “captured” by those organizations that are willing to claim them in any way, depriving weak subgroups of the “exit option” that stronger members can use to exact attention by threatening to withdraw their support (Frymer 1999; Hirschman 1970).
Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics by Dara Z. Strolovitch